The scenario and the main national and international reference policies show that the major challenges in the field of eHealth converge on four main technological issues: interoperability, necessary for communicating what exists and for interconnecting structures and data ensuring security, privacy and confidentiality; technologies for telemonitoring and telemedicine; knowledge technologies for supporting the processes of health diagnosis, therapy and rehabilitation for the rationalisation and control of health care spending; technologies for predictive medicine, aimed at early diagnosis on a genetic basis.
The eHealthNet Aggregation intends to address these technological challenges with an intervention plan structured around four thematic areas:
“Technologies for interoperable eHealth”, in which the Aggregation will invest in the development of technological platforms and tools and services for the networking of all actors involved in various capacities in social and health processes.
“Technologies for pervasive eHealth”, in which technological solutions for supporting the diagnostic and organisational process will be investigated in order to improve the quality of care and advanced telemedicine solutions designed to encourage their decentralisation.
“Technologies for sustainable eHealth”, in which innovative workflow management solutions for the rationalisation of care programmes, innovative models of social networking to raise awareness (empowerment) of patients, and support systems for decisions for risk mitigation and improvement of care services will be investigated.
“Technologies for preventive eHealth”, in which solutions for the semantic integration of data in heterogeneous and distributed biobanks will be investigated in order to identify predictive genetic markers of tumours and to correlate genomic data with socio-health information.
Taken together, these interventions will aim to conceive, set up and build an "enabling platform" of services for eHealth that enables a transition from a vertical approach, in which the actors involved in the process of citizen care are focused on their own internal processes and interact poorly among each other, to a horizontal approach with a health network through which it is possible to reconnect all the actors involved in the process, enabling the exchange of information.